RECON, with the support of Sweden and the United Nations Development Program, has made the first survey aimed at social entrepreneurs in the country, surveying 500 social entrepreneurs with the purpose of identifying the state of their business model. This model is growing in Colombia and in the world and can become an engine to promote social and economic development. The information collected reflects the opportunities and strengths, as well as the weaknesses, challenges, difficulties and problems faced by social entrepreneurs in the country.
The results of the survey allowed us to know that 100% of social entrepreneurs work for the benefit of vulnerable populations, reducing the gaps of discrimination and participation, that 50.6% of social enterprises are led by men and 49.4% by women, a ratio of 1: 1.
However, 61,2% have not been formalized; 85.6% said they started the venture with personal savings, noting that only 2.2% have received State program resources. Less than 12% have received training from the State to help strengthen their ventures.
Regarding income received by leaders of initiatives, 65.8 % receive less than a minimum wage, 16% receive two minimum monthly salaries, 11.3% one minimum monthly salary, and only 6.9% three minimum wages or more.
90% of social enterprises in Colombia claim to be non-profit organizations. 27% operate in areas where illegal armed groups are present, 34% said they were inspired by the conditions of violence and conflict to start their projects and 83% consider that their social entrepreneurship project contributes to the construction of peace in the country.
Regarding academic training, 71% of social entrepreneurs have a professional level of education, 14% have a technical level, 12% have a graduate degree and 3% have only a primary or high school degree.
As a source of financing, 86% of social enterprises are driven by their leaders’ own resources. Likewise, 38% of the monthly income comes from contributions of partners and / or founders. Only 34% come from the sale of products and/or services, a percentage that shows that very few have managed to be profitable and sustainable.
66% of social entrepreneurs receive less than a minimum monthly salary. 11% receive the minimum wage, 16% receive two minimum wages and only 7% receive more than three minimums, with little remuneration for the work they do.
In relation to the financial system, 97% of entrepreneurs consider that there are no adequate lines to support social enterprises and that accessing credit to receive financing support is complex.
The results were given in Cali, within the framework of the Social Entrepreneurship Forum: A bet for the development of the country, which was held at the Autonomous University of the West; to consult and obtain, it can be downloaded HERE